Posted: November 28th, 2008 | 1 Comment »
An intriguing aspect noticed at the Design Biennial the other day concerns the status of objects presented in design exhibit. Most of the objects have warning signs forbidding people to touch/use/employ/walk on/sit on artifacts. However since most of the objects have clear affordances and are quite successful as calling for their own use… people cannot help using them (design success uh?). Which leads to pictures like the one above and below with foot traces here and there on some pieces.
Plus, given the huge quantity of kids there, this sort of audience inevitably wants and needs to touch artifacts.
As a matter of fact, I find this extremely interesting as a person intrigued by usage and the passage of time (generally synonymous of dirt, dust and rusted pieces). What do people think at the end of the exhibit? Is the quantity of dirt a measure of success (“ah the affordance of this couch is so great that it’s trashed by now”).
Posted: November 28th, 2008 | No Comments »
This week, I finally took some time to attend the Design Biennale in Saint Etienne, France. In this post, I tried to gather my thoughts about what I’ve learned there. Before starting off, I should perhaps point out that I am not that familiar with such events, having perhaps a different take on design per se. In my discovery of design as a domain, I tried to sketch down my impression here.
My first comment simply goes to the biennale setting. I am often struck and very intrigued by the environment where design and art exhibit are located: the place itself and its history is sometimes more intriguing to me than what’s exhibited. This is why I was really mesmerized by the place where the Biennale happens. It’s basically a huge and old manufacture, the former Manufrance and L’Arsenal buildings. Simply put, it’s where both consumer goods (and weapons) use to be produced till the 1970s in France. Huge industrial buildings with weird lights, alleys and concrete stonewall. You can even encounter some remnants from the past, in the form of old signage or dirty windows. What’s at stake here is that this building (which is going to become the french “Cité du design”) bears lots of meaning in terms of the french industrial history. It thus gives a certain framing, at least for me, to the whole exhibit.
Now, regarding the exhibit itself, I did not have time to have a look at everything since the whole event is quite big. My general impression is that it was sort of messy with a lot of different sub-exhibits. Down the road, it was sometimes a bit confusing but I guess it’s what happen when you have different curators who want to bring forward different perspectives. No problem with that. There are of course lots of colorful and weirdly shaped objects that I don’t know what to think: cushions, weird chairs and tables, futuristic objects with ugly fluo-colors and stuff… this is an aspect of “design” that I don’t really understand (not to mention the personification of the people who produces these artefacts). What’s weird here is that in french, the word “design” is now commonly used as an adjective to refer to stylish-and-snub objects bought (or loved) by some folks. Certain parts of the exhibit may have been targeted to this crowd, familiar with the whole literature about colorful and expensive crap, but it was less present than what I feared beforehand.
Another general impression was also bound to the french system of museums and exhibits: I went there on a week day and it was crowded… with kids. It’s indeed very common in France for schools to organize visit for their pupils and most of the museums rely on this audience. Of course kids are so-so with long exhibit but I found interesting that they can approach the field like this, with teachers and design students giving them some information about the context and what the artefacts mean. Don’t know whether it may shape their design culture but still.
Among the large variety of I was particularly interested by three places/sub-exhibits: EcoLab, the “Demain c’est aujourd’hui” (“Tomorrow is today”) and Jean-Louis Fréchin carte blanche by Via. Let me try to nail down the implications of these.
In “Fabrique 5000″, The City Eco lab, orchestrated by John Thackara, was a huge and fascinating temporary “event about city-regions and design that includes permaculture, mushrooms, spin-farming, fritzing, open money, peak protein, alternative trade networks, dry toilets, sustainable urban drainage, alternate reality games, watershed planning, seed banks, de-motorisation, and VeloWalas“.
What was important here, especially at a design biennial, is simply the idea that it’s not about products (be they green or not) but about people and practices. Creating a more sustainable way of life is indeed not just about turning anything into green stuff but certainly changing people’s habits and practices. Therefore, the important issue at stake for design lies in the role of designers (and artists): what is left when innovation should be less about adding new products to the stack of artifacts we have? Eco Lab answers this by showing real-life solutions that have been envisioned. It was all about low-energy food storage solution, recycling practices, new forms of mobilities, new economic models, local trading schemes, community supported agriculture, urban gardening, the re-connection of cities with their natural resources and of course (we’re in France) a great canteen that only served products sourced within a 80km radius.
I have to admit that although I support this approach, I have never approached these issues in my work (perhaps because I haven’t found any context to do so) but it seems highly motivating. Perhaps the sort of stuff that I am doing (studying how people do things) may be valuable for this sort of approach: documenting habits, uncovering practices and weak signals, people’s daily bricolage, etc. and turn them into insights about sustainable behavior that should be amplified or act as inspiration for designers. City Eco Lab also interestingly proposed real-time activities (lots of kids!) and discussions. It was certainly one of the liveliest event in the whole biennial. Finally, it was tremendously inspiring to see this thing and envision some possibilities of sorta “real time/living lab” where solution can be explored, and not necessarily with technologies. I liked this a-technological approach which highlight the fact that innovation can also be social (with process and collaboration between people and existing artifacts).
The next event I looked at carefully was the “Demain c’est aujourd’hui” (“Tomorrow is today”. Described as an “industrial prospective exhibition”, it presented a selection of objects, prototypes, videos and mock-ups about the near future. The whole set sort of exemplified how design can be used a tool in foresight and strategy. Although I was not convinced by some projects (perhaps because I’ve seen them elsewhere), some were intriguing and could be described as good landmarks. What was kinda weird there, was this fascination with the “electronification” of everything. “The intelligent pillarbox” was the sort of stereotype for that matter.
That said, one of the most intriguing one was certainly the Wablog (see above) by Jean-Louis Fréchin and Uros Petrevski. This device allows to turn yourself in an avatar using gestural interactions to get and show presence-awareness. You can also leave “traces” on different platforms such as twitter, facebook, flickr and blogs as well as being aware of connections/comments by others on the very platforms. Very low-tech and minimal, designed with arduino and processing, it’s an intriguing piece of object.
This leads me to the other work of Jean-Louis and Uros, that they presented in a separate exhibit that was called “Interface(s)” enabled by VIA.
It’s a set of objects called “objets relationnels” that explore how the objects we know at home (light, wallpaper, shelves) can become interfaces. The point is that computation is present but not necessarily visible, as it’s dissolved in the device. It’s also about mixing ancient and modern material. Technology is not important per se, it’s sits here only to create relationships between objects and people or between people/the environment.
Five objects were presented:
- Waaz: a stereo set in the form of a shelf which enables audio diffusion and archiving digital music files. Interacting with it consist in dropping an audio CD or vinyl on top of the shelf to launch or stop the music. It simply used the objet as the mode of interaction.
- Wasnake: a snake-like display in the form of shelves with colored LEDs and optical fibres that fill blocks periodically along the shelf. SMS and RSS feeds can scroll across the length of each displays.
- Wapix: chronopictographic digital photo frames that can connect with each others through a wireless link and images can pass from one display to another. The high quality indeed reminds of the ektachrome.
- Wanetlight: luminous suspension composed of 25 blown glass candles that form a 3D matrix of light controllable with a Nintendo Wiimote.
- Wadoor Up: a door-screen with a low resolution electro-luminescent surface composed of EL pixel modules. Each lil bulb can be piloted individually, allowing users to write information messages or draw patterns.
All of them are clever instantiations of ubiquitous computing where computing vanished and is smoothly integrated to the object fabric. Interesting integration of technologies in objects. The proximity of these different interfaces in the same room makes the experience very coherent and gives a certain flavor of a possible “near near future”. It was actually more relevant to me than the “demain c’est aujourd’hui” exhibit with this nearfuturistic sense.
Posted: November 28th, 2008 | No Comments »
A very simple list of touch interactions seen on the streets of Paris, France. As parking meters get more and more complex, the types of activities you can have with these devices is much more diverse. It therefore requires colors, shapes, cancel buttons and stuff. What I find intriguing here is that all the possibilities have been sketched down. A contextual manual if you will.
Reminds of my old Palm with its handwriting alphabet printed on the device:
The complexity of interactions with our electronic devices nevertheless leads to the issue of how to make visible (or reveal) the whole set of possibilities. Especially when it comes to gestural and touch interfaces: how to make them more self-revealing? would it be possible to design clear affordances? or, in a button-less world, how to make apparent the diversity of interactions?
Posted: November 28th, 2008 | 1 Comment »
Obama is ubiquitous in France. Beyond press articles, he is present in street art (Saint Etienne) but more interestingly as a bait or as weird cue to buy things such clothes (Paris) or pizzas (Paris):
Why do I blog this? not very related to the topics at hand here but this sort of pervasiveness is intriguing. Obama is clearly a meme spread in the physical environment. Perhaps it can show how people have certain hopes or want to benefit from the Zeitgeist.
Posted: November 25th, 2008 | 2 Comments »
Will be in Paris tomorrow at École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (ENSAD) to give a talk as part of conference called Mobilisable. I’ll be in the “pervasive art” session around 7pm along with Samuel Bianchini, Lalya Gaye and Usman Haque.
Mobilisable is a conference about research and artistique creation with mobile and locative media. It is “a project of the research program « Forms of Mobility ». It is directed by the École nationale supérieure des arts décoratifs and the Université Paris 8 in cooperation with the École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Toulouse, the Haute école d’art et de design-Genève and the Tokyo University of the Arts.
The whole thing is free but certainly in french. Here’s the description of the session:
“Environment, performance, « in situ », body art, … far from restricting itself to the object, contemporary art has long since conquered all sorts of spaces and situations. As mobile, diffuse and interconnected devices are increasingly operated, this development is still growing. Contemporary art seems to merge with the new informational ubiquitous paradigms of the « everyware ». The communicating objects are leaving their object status behind, as they reduce in size and invade more and more diffuse situations in our environment, by grafting onto ordinary objects that can also be worn (« wearable technology ») or even by being implanted in our bodies. If the first ones mentioned are not necessarily mobile, the second ones are, since they accompany us in each and every movement. And all of these are able to communicate and to create networks ad hoc, which are continually reconfigured. In this way, our public, professional and private spheres will soon be invaded. Which artistic form can be given to these devices and to their applications ? Between « ambient intelligence » and society of access and/or of control, how can the artist take a position regarding these new forms of hybrid networks ? How can he put in place, infiltrate or even exfiltrate these mobile and diffuse technologies ?“
Will talk about why, as a researcher in the ubicomp area, I am interested in what artists are doing, and how it helps the field to move forward.
Posted: November 24th, 2008 | 6 Comments »
What stays awake during the night, what should not stay awoken when not used.
Approximately 15% of people’s electricity bills can be saved if these lights were switched off.
Inspired by recent discussions with students at ENSCI, who works on a project about how the internet of things can be an inspiring framework to rethink our relationship to energy consumption.
Posted: November 24th, 2008 | 3 Comments »
The first issue of Design Research Quarterly features the above map that represents the “topography of design research” (made by Liz Sanders).
She basically mapped the different approaches to design research based on two dimensions:
- Their impetus: tools and methods coming from design practice versus those coming from the research perspective. To date, as she points out, most of the methods seem to be coming from the research field.
- The mindset of those who practice and teach design research: the expert versus the participatory mindset. Which actually corresponds to the level of engagement designers have with people (informants, users, etc.)
The visualization of the different methods and approaches allows to represent different clusters of activity (human factors/ergonomics, applied ethnography, usability testing). You can also read an update of this article in the last issue of ACM interactions.
Why do I blog this? an interesting mapping to be used in my course about UX research. Coming from the user-centered design cluster (ergonomics mostly but now doing applied ethnography), it took me a lot of time to get the global picture represented on this representation. It also took me some time to understand the underlying issues and struggles between the different perspectives as most of them are grounded in different vision of what humans beings are and why they do what they do.
Posted: November 22nd, 2008 | No Comments »
Reading this article in The Economist about some problems encountered by scientific research, I stumble across this intriguing paragraph:
“There also seems to be a bias towards publishing positive results. For instance, a study earlier this year found that among the studies submitted to America’s Food and Drug Administration about the effectiveness of antidepressants, almost all of those with positive results were published, whereas very few of those with negative results were. But negative results are potentially just as informative as positive results, if not as exciting.“
Why do I blog this? That’s surely a problem I encountered when writing during my PhD work. It’s funny to notice this bias, especially when you know the value of negative results. It’s clearly true that there is a tendency to prefer selling “positive” experimental results than negative ones… which are in general less described.
Being interested in UX research, I also draw a parallel between this example and the sort of things we are looking for in user research: most of the work is about usage (what people do with/without technology), but it’s also important to consider what people don’t do. There are surely some relevant questions to ask concerning what shows up and what doesn’t show up in field research.